Drought resilience requires a holistic and multi-sectorial development approach. The 3W map is one of the different components of the unified KM system and serves as a project portfolio management tool.
Its purpose is to inform decision makers and resilience planners on who is doing What and Where (3W tool) in terms of resilience in specific thematic and geographic areas. The 3W tool is especially helpful in the context of programming for it allows to track resilience initiatives and gaps in the IGAD region.
The tool can also give decision makers and concerned managers an easy platform for resilience monitoring and planning. This planning becomes possible by using a web based map to know:
- who is involved?
- what is being implemented? and
- where are investments taking place?
- Who is involved? Identifying partners with interests in investing in a region is important. It can be important to help identify opportunities for mutual cooperation. It is also very helpful as it allows for capturing and leveraging successful experience developed by implementing government bodies and non- government organizations.
- What is being implemented? What are the activities being implemented by other sectors and partners? What has been achieved until now in terms of the identified resilience objective? This is vital to avoid the duplication of efforts. It is also important for identifying potential gaps and investments needs. Are new initiatives integrated and built to provide complementarily to existing investments?
- Where are investments taking place? Do they reflect effectively the cross – border dimensions of shared ecosystems? Do they look at the dynamic movements of pastoral communities? Are benefits being equitably distributed between communities?
The 3W platform could be used as a monitoring and evaluation tool to check the types of projects being implemented to meet their strategies outlined in the CPPs, RPPs, RPLRP and other national programs. By evaluating the number, types, locations, and funding values of projects, government institutions could easily able to
- Identify resilience investment gaps that could be produced in a report format
- Identify marginalized (under represented) vulnerable areas
- Share regional and national best practices
- Evaluate the performance of projects
- Plan short and long-term resilience projects
- Provide easily accessibly decision-making support based on the project profiles of the resilience projects
- Provide resilience analysis
- Undertake comparative resilience project analysis within the same projects in different location of a country and among different countries that would help to understand what is and isn’t working.
- Help different regions to conduct seamless interaction to share experience, challenges, and ideas in a real time setting. For example, a local government in the northern part of Ethiopia could interact with local government or “Wereda” in southeastern part of Ethiopia who might be implementing similar projects successfully. They can ask questions, share advices, and best practices.